A BRITISH 19th CENTURY TIMELINE

By Tim Lambert

1801

The first census is held

Another Act of Union joins Ireland to England and Scotland

1805 The battle of Trafalgar

1807 The slave trade is abolished

1811 Prince George become Prince Regent as his father is insane

1812

The Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is shot by John Bellingham

Charles Dickens is born

1813 The Duke of Wellington defeats the French army at the battle of Vitoria in Spain

1815

The battle of Waterloo

Humphrey Davy invents the miners safety lamp, which saves many lives

1817 Jane Austen dies

1818 Queen Charlotte dies

1819

The Peterloo Massacre. Cavalry charge unarmed people holding a meeting on St Peter's Fields at Manchester. Eleven people are killed.

Sir Stanford Raffles founds Singapore

1820 George III dies. George IV becomes king.

1821 John Constable paints The Haywain

1824 Lord Byron dies

1825 The world's first public passenger railway opens (The Stockton and Darlington railway).

1829

The Catholic Emancipation Act gives Catholics civil rights

Sir Robert Peel forms the first modern police force (hence their nicknames 'bobbies' or 'peelers')

1830 George IV dies. William IV becomes king.

1832

The Great Reform Act is passed. Seats in parliament are distributed more fairly and the middle class are given the vote.

The writer Lewis Carroll is born

1833 Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire

1835

Bull baiting is banned. This 'sport' consisted of chaining a bull to a post then using trained dogs to attack it.

1837 William IV dies. Victoria becomes queen.

1840

The penny black stamp is introduced.

The writer Thomas Hardy is born.

Queen Victoria marries Albert

1842 A new law bans women and children from working underground in mines

1843 Charles Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol

The first Christmas card goes on sale

1847

A new law bans women and children from working more than 10 hours a day

Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre

1848 There are cholera epidemics in British towns. The Health Act is passed.

1851 The Great Exhibition is held in London

1854-1856 The Crimean War. Britain and France defeat the Russians.

1856 Henry Bessemer invents a way of converting pig iron to steel

1857-58 The Indian Mutiny takes place

1859 Darwin publishes The Origin of Species. It outlines his theory of evolution

1860 HMS Warrior, Britain's first iron warship is launched

HMS

HMS Warrior

1861 Prince Albert dies.

1863 The first (steam driven) underground train in London

1865

Joseph Lister invents antiseptic surgery

Lewis Carroll publishes Alices's Adventures in Wonderland

1867 The second Reform Act increases the number of people allowed to vote

1868

First Trades Union Congress

The last public execution is carried out in England

1869 Richard Blackmore publishes Lorna Doone

1870

Education Act to provide state education for all.

Charles Dickens dies

1871 The Bank Holiday Act is passed. (For most working class people bank holidays are their only paid holidays).

1872

The secret ballot is introduced

The second Public Health Act is passed.

1874 The writer G K Chesterton is born

1875

A law bans the practice of sending small boys up chimneys to clean them. From now on you have to be over 21 to clean a chimney that way.

The third Public Health Act is passed. Conditions in towns and cities are slowly getting better. In the 1870s and 1880s networks of sewers are dug and water pipes are laid. Gas light becomes common even in the poorest homes.

Captain Matthew Webb swims the English Channel

1877 Researches on the effect of light upon bacteria and other organisms are made by Arthur Downsend and Thomas P. Blunt

1884 The 3rd reform act gives more men the vote

1888 Girls who make match boxes successfully strike

1889

Gas workers successfully strike

London dockworkers successfully strike. For the first time unskilled workers are forming successful trade unions.

1890 The first electric underground trains run in London

1898 Lewis Carroll dies

A timeline of English history

Life in the 19th century

Women in the 19th Century

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