A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF BANBURY

By Tim Lambert

Medieval Banbury

Early 12th Century

The bishop of Lincoln builds a castle and turns Banbury into a town

1154

Banbury has an annual fair

Early 13th Century

Banbury has a population of about 1,300

Late 13th Century

A new suburb is built at Newlands. Banbury is famous for its cloth.

1300

The population of Banbury has risen to about 1,600

1319

A cattle market is held in Broad Lane

1329

Banbury has 2 annual fairs

1348-49

The Black Death strikes

1441

A sheep market is held at the east end of the High Street. Banbury is known for its cheese.

Renaissance Banbury

1554

Banbury is made a self governing borough. Wool is still the main industry in the town.

1573

Banbury has its own jail

1586

Banbury cakes are first mentioned

1600

The population of Banbury is still only about 1,600

1608

There is a weekly wool market in Banbury. The town has its own gallows

1628

Banbury is devastated by a fire

1642

Banbury Castle is occupied by Royalists

1646

Parliamentarians capture Banbury Castle

1648

Banbury Castle is demolished

1750

Banbury is growing larger and it is famous for weaving cloth

1793

St Marys Church is demolished

19th Century Banbury

1817

The last stone gate around Banbury is removed

1801

Banbury has a population of 3,810

1825

A group of men called Paving Commissioners are formed to pave and light the streets of Banbury (with oil lamps).

1832

Cholera strikes Banbury

1833

Gas light replaces oil lamps for street lights

1836

The first police force is formed in Banbury

1848

Cholera strikes Banbury

1850

The railway reaches Banbury

1851

The population of Banbury reaches 8,206

1854

Banbury Water Company is formed

1857

A corn exchange is built in Banbury

1869

A swimming baths opened in Banbury

1870

A volunteer fire brigade is formed in Banbury

1871

Smallpox breaks out in Banbury

1872

Horton Infirmary opens

1884

A School of Art and Science opens in Banbury

1899

The first telephone line in Banbury is installed

20th Century Banbury

1901

Banbury has a population of 10,012. The first electricity generating station opens.

1909

The last factory making plush (a form of cloth) in Banbury closes

1916

The first cinema in Banbury opens

1919

The Peoples Park opens. Motor buses begin running to Banbury. The council begins building houses.

1931

An aluminium smelting plant opens in Banbury

1933

Moors Recreation Ground opens

1968

A museum opens in Banbury

1974

Castle Shopping Centre opens

1998

Banbury cattle market closes

2005

A statue of a fine lady on a white horse is unveiled

A history of Banbury

A history of Oxford

A history of Stratford Upon Avon

A history of Northampton

A history of Warwick

A history of Coventry

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