By Tim Lambert

Early Banbury

Early 12th Century The bishop of Lincoln builds a castle and turns Banbury into a town

1154 Banbury has an annual fair

Early 13th Century Banbury has a population of about 1,300

Late 13th Century A new suburb is built at Newlands. Banbury is famous for its cloth.

1300 The population of Banbury has risen to about 1,600

1319 A cattle market is held in Broad Lane

1329 Banbury has 2 annual fairs

1348-49 The Black Death strikes

1441 A sheep market is held at the east end of the High Street. Banbury is known for its cheese.

1554 Banbury is made a self governing borough. Wool is still the main industry in the town.

1573 Banbury has its own jail

1586 Banbury cakes are first mentioned

1600 The population of Banbury is still only about 1,600

1608 There is a weekly wool market in Banbury. The town has its own gallows

1628 Banbury is devastated by a fire

1642 Banbury Castle is occupied by Royalists

1646 Parliamentarians capture Banbury Castle

1648 Banbury Castle is demolished

1750 Banbury is growing larger and it is famous for weaving cloth

1793 St Marys Church is demolished

1817 The last stone gate around Banbury is removed

Modern Banbury

1801 Banbury has a population of 3,810

1825 A group of men called Paving Commissioners are formed to pave and light the streets of Banbury (with oil lamps).

1832 Cholera strikes Banbury

1833 Gas light replaces oil lamps for street lights

1836 The first police force is formed in Banbury

1848 Cholera strikes Banbury

1850 The railway reaches Banbury

1851 The population of Banbury reaches 8,206

1854 Banbury Water Company is formed

1857 A corn exchange is built in Banbury

1869 A swimming baths opened in Banbury

1870 A volunteer fire brigade is formed in Banbury

1871 Smallpox breaks out in Banbury

1872 Horton Infirmary opens

1884 A School of Art and Science opens in Banbury

1899 The first telephone line in Banbury is installed

1901 Banbury has a population of 10,012. The first electricity generating station opens.

1909 The last factory making plush (a form of cloth) in Banbury closes

1916 The first cinema in Banbury opens

1919 The Peoples Park opens. Motor buses begin running to Banbury. The council begins building houses.

1931 An aluminium smelting plant opens in Banbury

1933 Moors Recreation Ground opens

1968 A museum opens in Banbury

1974 Castle Shopping Centre opens

1998 Banbury cattle market closes

2005 A statue of a fine lady on a white horse is unveiled

A history of Banbury

A history of Oxford

A history of Stratford Upon Avon

A history of Northampton

A history of Warwick

A history of Coventry