A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF CARDIFF, WALES

By Tim Lambert

Roman Cardiff

c. 55

The Romans build a fort on the site of Cardiff

c. 380

The Romans abandon the fort

Medieval Cardiff

c, End of 11th century

The Normans conquer Glamorgan. Robert Fitz Hamon builds a new fort inside the walls of the old Roman fort.

c. 1150

A town grows up by the fort

1340

Cardiff is allowed 2 annual fairs

1404

Owain Glendower burns Cardiff

Renaissance Cardiff

c. 1600

Cardiff is a busy little port trading with France and the Channel Islands

1607

Cardiff suffers a severe flood

1645

During the Civil War parliamentary soldiers capture Cardiff

1774

The streets of Cardiff are paved, cleaned and lit with oil lamps

1794

A canal is built

19th Century Cardiff

1801

The population of Cardiff is still less than 1,900

1821

Cardiff is lit by gas

1835

A covered market is built

1841

The railway reaches Cardiff

1849

Cholera kills 383 people in Cardiff

1853

A new Town Hall is built in Cardiff

1855

East Dock is built

1856

Royal Arcade is built

1861

The first public library opens in Cardiff

1871

The population of Cardiff is almost 60,000

1883

An infirmary is built in Cardiff

1886

A coal and shipping exchange is built in Cardiff

1887

Roath Dock is built. Castle Arcade is built.

1894

Roath Park opens

1896

Pier Head Building is erected

1897

Victoria Park opens

1898

Cathays Park opens

20th Century Cardiff

1900

The population of Cardiff is over 160,000

1901

Splott Park opens

1902

Electric trams begin running in Cardiff. Duke St Arcades opens.

1905

Cardiff is made a city

1907

Queen Alexandra Dock opens

1927

The National Museum of Wales opens

World War II

Bombs kill 355 people in Cardiff

1954

Central Bus Station opens

1955

Cardiff is made the capital of Wales

1973

Sherman Theatre opens

1981

St Davids Shopping Centre opens

1986

The National Ice Rink opens

1987

Queens West Shopping Centre opens

1990

Capitol Shopping Centre opens

1999

Millennium Stadium opens

A history of Cardiff

A timeline of Swansea

A timeline of Newport

A timeline of Bristol

A timeline of Bath

A timeline of Wales

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