A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF COLCHESTER

By Tim Lambert

44 The Romans build a fort on the site of Colchester

49 The Roman army moves on but a town is founded on the site of the fort

54 A stone temple is built to the Emperor Claudius at Camulodunum (The Roman name for Colchester)

60 Bouddica leads a rebellion and her men burn Colchester. However after her rebellion is crushed the town is rebuilt.

200 Colchester has a population of about 10-12,000

c. 350 Colchester is in decline

407 The Roman army leaves Britain and towns are abandoned

917 The English recapture Colchester from the Danes. (The Danes probably used it as a stronghold because of its Roman walls). Under English rule Colchester becomes a flourishing market town once again.

1086 Colchester has 419 houses and perhaps 2,000 inhabitants

1095 St Johns Abbey is founded

c. 1100 The Normans build a castle at Colchester. St Botolphs Priory is founded.

1189 Colchester is given a charter (a document giving the people certain rights)

1300 Colchester has a population of about 4,000

1413 Colchester is given a new charter

1538 Henry VII closes the abbey and the priory

1555-58 During the reign of Queen Mary 23 Protestants are burned in Colchester

1565 Dutch refugees come to Colchester

1591 Bourne Mill is built

1603-04 Plague stalks Colchester

1635 Colchester gains a mayor

1665-66 Plague strikes Colchester again. The population of Colchester is about 8,000.

1648 During the Second Civil War royalists capture Colchester. Parliamentary troops lay siege and eventually the royalists surrender.

1718 Hollytrees is built

1764 Colchester gains its first theater

1776 The Minories is built

1801 The population of Colchester is about 11,500

1818 Essex County Hospital is built

1819 Colchester is lit by gas

1837 St Botolphs Church is built

1843 The railway reaches Colchester

1856 The Garrison Church is built. The first cemetery opens in Colchester.

1880's The council begins building a piped water supply

1884 An earthquake strikes Colchester

1892 Castle Park opens

1894 The first public library in Colchester opens

1901 The population of Colchester is about 38,000. Colchester gains electric light.

1902 Colchester Town Hall is built

1904 Electric trams begin running in Colchester

1910 The first cinema opens

1929 Hollytrees Museum opens

1957 A Natural History Museum opens

1961 The University of Essex opens

1974 The Social History Museum opens

1976 Lion Walk Precinct opens

1985 Colchester General Hospital opens

1987 Culver Street Precinct opens

1990 St Johns Walk opens

1995 Bosbeks Archaeological Park opens

A history of Colchester

A timeline of Bury St Edmunds

A timeline of Ipswich

A timeline of Chelmsford

A timeline of Norwich

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