A TIMELINE OF FRANCE

By Tim Lambert

Ancient France

6,000 BC

Farming begins in France

c. 4,500 BC

Menhirs (standing stones are erected in France)

2,000 BC

Bronze is used in France

900 BC

Celtic people migrate to France

600 BC

The Greeks found Marseilles

121 BC

The Romans conquer Provence

58 BC

Julius Caesar begins to conquer the rest of France (Gaul)

52 BC

leads a rebellion against the Romans but is defeated

48 AD

Gauls are allowed to become Roman senators

250 AD

St Denis is beheaded

Medieval France

406

Germanic tribes invade France

481-511

Clovis rules the Franks

507

Clovis makes Paris his capital

732

Charles Martel wins the battle of Tours

751

Pepin the Short becomes king

800

Charlemagne is crowned emperor

838-877

Charles the Bald is king

911

Charles the Simple grants Normandy to the Viking chief, Rollo

987

Hugh Capet becomes king of France

1150

Paris University is founded

1204

The French king takes Normandy from the English

1225-1270

Louis IX rules France

1337

The Hundred Years War begins between England and France

1340

The English win the battle of Sluys

1346

The English win the battle of Crecy

1348

The Black Death reaches France

1356

The English win the battle of Poitiers

1358

French peasants rebel but are defeated

1396

Charles VI becomes insane

1415

The English win the battle of Agincourt

1429

The French win the battle of Orleans

1453

The English are driven out of France apart from Calais

1482

Provence is absorbed into France

Renaissance France

1523

Jean Valliere becomes the first Protestant martyr in France

1539

French is made the language of official documents instead of Latin

1562-1598

France is torn by a series of religious wars

1572

Thousands of French Protestants are murdered in the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1610

King Henry IV is assassinated

1624

Cardinal Richelieu becomes principal minister of France

1627

La Rochelle rebels

1628

La Rochelle surrenders

1642

Cardinal Richelieu dies

1635

France enters the Thirty Years War

1643

Louis XIV becomes king of France

1648-1652

A series of uprisings called the Fronde take place in France

1661

An academy of dance is founded

1666

An academy of sciences is founded

1682

Louis XIV moves to a new palace at Versailles

1685

Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, which gave Protestants toleration

1693-94

France suffers famine

1707-1710

Famine strikes again

1715

Louis XIV dies

1720 onward

Trade in France grows rapidly. The middle class increase in numbers and wealth.

1763

After the Seven Years War France loses Canada and India

1778

France goes to war with Britain

The French Revolution

1788

The king calls the Estates-General

5 May 1789

The Estates-General meets

20 May 1789

Members take the tennis court oath

14 July 1789

The Bastille falls

4 August 1789

The feudal privileges of the nobility are abolished

26 August 1789

The declaration of the rights of man

6 October 1789

The king moves from Versailles to Paris

June 1791

The king attempts to flee from France

September 1791

A new constitution is introduced in France

April 1792

France goes to war with Austria

May 1792

France goes to war with Prussia

September 1792

A new government, the National Convention meets

January 1793

The king is beheaded

February 1793

Conscription is introduced in France

March 1793

The Vendee rises in revolt

April 1793

The Committee for Public Safety is formed

September 1793

The Great Terror begins. Thousands are executed over the next 9 months.

October 1793

Marie Antoinette is beheaded

December 1793

Captain Napoleon Bonaparte recaptures Toulon from the British

June 1794

The French defeat the Austrians at Fleurus

28 July 1794

Robespierre is executed

August 1794

A new constitution is drawn up

1795

Napoleon gives the Paris mob a 'whiff of grapeshot'

1799

Napoleon becomes First Consul of France

19th Century France

1804

Napoleon becomes Emperor of France

1807

Napoleon is at his peak

1813

Napoleon is defeated at the battle of Leipzig

1815

Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo

1820

The Duc de Berry is assassinated

1824

Charles X becomes king

1830

A revolution takes place. Louis Philippe becomes king of France.

1848

Another revolution takes place and Louis Philippe abdicates. France becomes a republic. In December Louis Napoleon is elected president.

1851

Louis Napoleon stages a coup. He becomes Napoleon III.

1854-56

France fights Russia

1859

France fights Austria

1867

Napoleon makes his regime more liberal

1870

France is defeated by Prussia and Napoleon is forced to abdicate

1871

Paris rebels but the army crushes the revolt

1875

The Third Republic is created

1894

Captain Alfred Dreyfus is convicted to treason

1906

Dreyfus is exonerated

20th Century France

1918

The First World War leaves France exhausted

1932

The Depression begins to affect France

1936

The left-wing Popular Front government is formed

1940

France surrenders to Germany

1944

France is liberated

1947

A new constitution is drawn up

1957

France helps to found the EU

1958

De Gaulle takes power in France. He draws up a new constitution.

1968

Rioting takes place across France

1969

De Gaulle resigns

1981

Francois Mitterand becomes president of France

1995

Jacques Chirac becomes president

1999

France joins the Euro

2005

Riots take place in France

A History of France

A Timeline of Germany

A Timeline of Italy

A Timeline of Spain

A Timeline of Paris

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