A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF HAMPSHIRE
By Tim Lambert
Roman Hampshire70 The Romans build a town on the site of Winchester. They called it Venta Belgarum. The Romans also build a town on the site of Bitterne (Southampton).
c. 200 The Romans build stone walls around Winchester. The town flourishes.
Late 3rd Century The Romans build a fort at Portchester
407 The Roman army leaves Britain. Afterwards town life breaks down. Winchester and Southampton are abandoned.
c 500 AD The Saxons land in Southeast Hampshire
6th Century AD A group of Jutes called the Meon Warra settle in the Meon Valley
690-700 The Saxon King Ine builds a new town at Southampton
c. 880 Alfred the Great revives the Roman town at Winchester. He creates a burh or fortified settlement.
950 The king builds a royal hunting lodge at Andover
962 A king holds a meeting of the Saxon Witanegmot (parliament) at Andover
c. 1020 Christchurch is made a burgh of fortified town
1066 After the Norman Conquest Normans settle in Southampton. The Normans build a castle in the town.
1086 The population of Winchester is about 8,000 making it one of the largest towns in England
c 1120 King Henry I builds a castle within the walls of the old Roman fort at P0rtchester
Early 12th Century The town of Petersfield is founded. King Henry I gives Romsey a charter and confirms the right to hold a weekly market and an annual fair.
1141 Andover suffers a terrible fire but soon recovers
1180 Jean de Gisors founds a town at Portsmouth
c. 1190-1200 Lymington is made a town by William de Redvers
1200 The village of Havant becomes a small market town
c. 1204 A new port is founded at Gosport. Many of the townspeople are fishermen.
1232 Titchfield Abbey is founded
1239 Emsworth is given the right to hold a market
1256 Hambledon is granted a weekly market
1257 Basingstoke becomes a small market town
1269 Wickham is granted the right to hold weekly markets. The square is probably laid out at this time.
1294 Portchester is given the right to hold weekly markets and an annual fair
1338 The French attack Southampton and kill some of the inhabitants. The same year the French burn Lymington. They also burn Portsmouth.
1348 The Black Death reaches Hampshire
1369 The French burn Portsmouth again
1377 The French attack Portsmouth again
1380 The French burn Portsmouth for the last time. Afterwards a wooden wall is built around the town.
1382 Winchester College is founded
1450 The Bishop of Chichester is murdered in Portsmouth
1495 Henry VII founds Portsmouth Dockyard
1537 Titchfield Abbey is dissolved
1539 Henry VIII closes Christchurch priory. He also closes Romsey abbey.
c 1540 Wickham is described as a pretty townlet
1552 The king calls Titchfield a handsome town
1545 The French burn Lymington again
1563 Plague strikes Southampton and Portsmouth
1596 A survey shows Southampton has a population of 4,200
1602 Queen Elizabeth grants the right to hold 2 annual fairs in Bishops Waltham
1628 The Duke of Buckingham is assassinated by John Fenton in Portsmouth
1642 Parliamentary soldiers capture Southsea Castle then Portsmouth
1644 During the Civil War Parliamentary troops capture Christchurch Royalist soldiers are besieged in the Bishops Palace at Bishops Waltham for 3 days. They then surrender.
1645 A royal army sacks Gosport. Oliver Cromwell orders his men to damage the Bishops Palace to prevent it being used by royalists in the future.
1662 A free grammar school is founded in Christchurch
1663 A new wharf, the Gun Wharf is built for the navy and Dockyard
1679 A grammar school is founded in Bishops Waltham
18th Century Hampshire
1700 Southampton has dwindled from being a major port and town to being a 'decayed' port
1719 Many houses in Meonstoke are burned in a fire
1722 Richard Churcher leaves money to found a school in Petersfield
1725 Hambledon is badly damaged by a fire which destroys many buildings in the High Street
1726 Daniel Defoe describes Petersfield as a town eminent for little but being full of good inns
1733 A man leaves money in his will to found Portsmouth Grammar School
1735 Some citizens get together to drain a bog so Petersfield Pond is created
1736 The Royal Hampshire County Hospital is built
font color=ff0000>1750Hambledon Cricket Club is formed. Prince Frederick goes swimming in the sea at Southampton and the town starts to revive.
1761 Havant is badly damaged by a fire
1755 Horace Walpole calls Winchester 'a paltry town and small'
1771 A body of men called the Paving Commissioners is formed to pave the streets of Winchester and light them with oil lamps
1777 Hayling Manor House is built
1782 The streets of Southampton are lit by oil lamps
1785 A theatre opens in Jewry Street in Winchester. Ladies Walk is laid out in Andover.
1790 There is a smallpox epidemic in Meonstoke
1792 Wickham Bridge is built
19th Century Hampshire
1803 The first theater in Andover opens
1813 An iron foundry is founded in Andover
1815 A body of men is formed with powers to pave, clean and light the streets of Andover. An inn called the Heroes of Waterloo stands by the road. The new settlement around the inn is called Waterloo (later it was called Waterlooville)
1820 Chesapeake Mill is built in Wickham. The Taro Fair begins in Petersfield.
1829 The streets of Southampton are lit by gas
1832 A new Town Hall is built in Basingstoke. Lymington gains gas light.
1834 A gas works opens in Basingstoke
1837 A workhouse is built at Droxford
1838 Andover gains gas street light
1839 The railway reaches Basingstoke
1840 The railway reaches Winchester and Southampton. A Teacher Training College opens in Winchester. Later it becomes King Alfreds College. Horse drawn buses start to run in Portsmouth.
1841 The railway reaches Fareham
1842 A Church of England School is built in Meonstoke
1843 West Meon Church is rebuilt in flint
1844 Alton gains a gas supply
1847 A Museum opens in Winchester. The streets are lit with gas for the first time. The railway reaches Havant, Portsmouth and Romsey.
1852 Alton is connected to London by railway. Petersfield gains gas street lighting.
1853 William Cobbett described Hambledon as a long, straggling village.
1854 Emsworth gains a gas supply
1855 Havant gains gas light
1858 A police station is built in Havant. A police station is also built in Petersfield. Another is built in Droxford. Gosport gains a piped water supply. The railway reaches Lymington.
1859 The railway reaches Petersfield. A railway station also opens in Rowlands Castle.
1862 A sewage works is built at Alton
1865 Alton is connected to Winchester by railway
1865-70 Portsmouth council builds sewers
1879 St James Hospital opens
1883 The first public library in Portsmouth opens
1885 A Telephone Exchange opens
1870 Havant gains a piped water supply. Havant Town Hall is built.
1871 A cottage hospital opens in Petersfield.
1875 Andover Water Company is formed
1876 A waterworks is built at Alton
1877 A Fire Station opens in Andover
1881 Soberton Church Tower is restored
1883 Hambledon has an epidemic of diphtheria
1884 Sewers and drains are built in Petersfield. Hartridges start making soft drinks in Hambledon. The streets of Hambledon are lit by oil lamps (later they are replaced by gas lights).
1887 Gosport is struck by smallpox
1889 Havant Park opens. The first public library opens in Southampton. The first electric street lights are switched on in the town.
1893 Beadales School opens in Petersfield
1894 Havant is made an urban district council. So are Petersfield and Fareham. Wickham and Titchfield are given parish councils. So is Meonstoke.
1895 Christchurch gains a piped water supply
1897 A public library opens in Andover
20th Century Hampshire
1899-1902 A system of sewers is created under Andover
1902 Sewage pollutes the oysters at Emsworth. As a result the oyster industry declines. Christchurch Council begins laying sewers
1903 Christchurch gains an electricity supply. A railway opens from Fareham to Droxford.
1904 Waterlooville gains gas street light
1906 Bedhampton station is built
1907 Warblington station is built
1911 The council buys Petersfield Pond and the Heath for public use
1923 Gosport War Memorial Hospital opens
1926 The War Memorial Hospital opens in Andover
1927 Andover gains an electricity supply
1929 Havant War Memorial Hospital opens
1931 Wickham gains a gas supply
1936 Parchment making in Havant ends
1938 Havant Railway Station is rebuilt. Park Road is built.
1949 The population of Havant is about 8,000. The first houses in Leigh Park are ready.
1955 Meonstoke gains a piped water supply
1956 A new Hayling Bridge is built
1957 St Thomas Mores School, Bedhampton opens. Oak Park Secondary School opens.
1958 Broomfield Secondary School opens
font color=ff0000>1960Glove making in Havant ends
1961 A plan to expand Andover is made. Many people will move to Andover from London. It is decided to make Basingstoke an overspill town for London.
1961-62 Market Parade is built in Havant
1963 The railway to Hayling Island closes
1964 Havant Police Station is built. Southampton is made a city
1965-66 Wellington Arcade is built in Waterlooville
1973 The AA HQ in Basingstoke opens
1974 Havant College opens. Havant becomes a borough. Fareham is also made a borough. Prices School becomes a 6th form college.
1977 Havant Civic Centre opens
1978 Havant Arts Centre opens
1979 Havant Museum opens. West Meon is flooded.
1987 Gosport Sixth Form College opens
1989 The Cascades Shopping Centre opens in Portsmouth
1991 The first shops move into the Meridian Centre in Havant. Marlands Shopping Centre opens in Southampton
2000 West Quay Shopping Centre opens in Southampton
2001 A new shopping centre opens at Gunwharf in Portsmouth
2002 Festival Place Shopping Centre opens in Basingstoke
2005 The Spinnaker Tower opens in Portsmouth
2006 A new bus station opens in Havant
2007 Lymington New Forest Hospital opens
A timeline of Southampton
A timeline of Portsmouth
A timeline of Winchester
A timeline of Andover
A timeline of Gosport