A TIMELINE OF INDIA
By Tim Lambert
c. 2,600 BC A great civilization arises in the Indus Valley
c. 1,700 BC The Indus Valley civilization begins to decline. It gradually disappears.
1,500 BC The Aryans enter India
c. 1,000 BC Iron tools are used in India
600 BC A civilization arises in India based on cultivating rice
322 BC Chandragupta Maurya becomes king of Magadha and he creates an empire, the Mauryan Empire
269-232 BC Ashoka or Asoka is the greatest Mauryan ruler
185 BC The last Mauryan emperor is assassinated
160 BC King Menander conquers most of northern India. After his death his empire breaks up.
120 BC Nomads from Central Asia conquer Bactria. They then slowly conquer northern India.
78 AD to 114 AD The Kushan Empire reaches its height under King Kanishka
The early 4th Century The Gupta Empire is founded in India
335-375 Samudragupta conquers northern India and part of central India. Under the Gupta Empire India flourishes
606-647 King Harshavardhana creates a new empire. After his death his empire breaks up.
Late 10th Century The Chola Empire rises in India
1206 The Delhi Sultanate is founded
1346 Harihara founds the Vijayanagar Empire
1498 Timurlaine sacks Delhi. The Portuguese reach India by sea.
1526 Babur ruler of Afghanistan wins the battle of Panipat. So begins the Mughal Empire.
1527 Babur wins the battle of Khanau
1556-1605 Reign of Akbar the greatest Mughal ruler
1653 The Taj Mahal is completed
1658-1707 Aurangzeb expands the empire
1673 The French establish a base at Pondicherry
1690 The English found a base in Bengal
1712 The Mughal Empire begins to break up
1757 Clive wins a great victory at Plassey. As a result India becomes a British colony rather than a French one.
1803 The British take Delhi
1819 The British East India Company rules all of India except the Northwest
1829 The custom of suttee is abolished
1849 The British take control of Punjab
1857 The Indian Mutiny begins
1858 The Indian Mutiny is crushed. Control is switched from the East India Company to the British government.
1885 The Indian National Congress is founded
1877 Queen Victoria is made Empress of India
1919 The Amritsar Massacre takes place
1920 Gandhi launches a campaign of non-co-operation with the British
1930 Gandhi leads a march to the sea to collect salt (as part of a campaign to end the government's monopoly of salt production)
1935 The British grant India a new constitution
1940 By now Muslims demand their own state
1946 As preparations are made for Indian independence violence breaks out between Hindus and Muslims
15 August 1947 India becomes independent
1948 Gandhi is murdered
1962 India fights a war with China
1966 Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister
1971 India fights a war with Pakistan
1975 Mrs Gandhi declares a state of emergency
1977 The emergency is lifted
1984 Indira Gandhi is assassinated
1991 Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated
1997-2007 The Indian economy grows at over 7% a year
A history of India
A timeline of Burma
A timeline of China
A timeline of the World