A TIMELINE OF LANCASTER HISTORY

By Tim Lambert

Early Lancaster

c. 80 AD The Romans build a fort on the site of Lancaster

407 The Roman army leaves Britain

c. 630 A church exists on the site of St Mary's Church

Late 11th century The Normans build a castle at Lancaster

c. 1100 Lancaster grows into a town

1170 The stone keep of Lancaster Castle is built

1193 Lancaster is given a charter (a document granting the people certain rights)

1196 Lancaster Castle is first used as a prison

c. 1260 Dominican friars known as black friars come to Lancaster

1322 The Scots attack and burn Lancaster

1349 The Black Death kills maybe half the population of Lancaster

1357 A leper hostel dedicated to St Leonard is founded

1389 The Scots raid Lancaster again

1536 During the Pilgrimage of Grace rebels come to Lancaster but they later disperse

1612 The trial of the Pendle witches is held in Lancaster

1642 During the Civil War parliamentary soldiers capture Lancaster

1643 Royalists capture Lancaster but later withdraw as they are needed elsewhere

1651 Charles I is declared king of England in Lancaster but his troops are defeated at the battle of Worcester and his forced to flee abroad

Late 17th Century Lancaster benefits from the growth of trade with North American colonies

1708 The Meeting House is built

1720 Pennys Hospital is built

1755 St John's Church is built

1759 Assembly Rooms are built

1764 The Old Custom House is built

1781 A dispensary opens where the poor can obtain free medicines

1783 The Old Town Hall is built

1784 Dalton Square is laid out

1788 Skerton Bridge is built. Lancaster is a flourishing port and is also famous for furniture making.

1792 A canal opens from Lancaster to Preston

1798 The Palatine Hall is built

Modern Lancaster

1801 Lancaster has a population of over 6,000. Lancaster gains its first newspaper. However Lancaster begins to decline as a port.

1825 Lancaster gains gas street light

1836 Ryelands House is built

1840 A railway to Preston opens

1853 Lancaster gains a piped water supply. Ripley hospital is built.

1855 A cemetery opens

1859 St Peters Roman Catholic Church is built

1871 Lancaster has a population of 9,713

1896 Lancaster Infirmary opens

1905 Trams begin running in Lancaster

1906 The Queen Victoria Monument is erected in Dalton Square

1909 A new Town Hall is built

1923 The first museum in Lancaster opens

1925 St Peter's Church is made a cathedral

1930 The trams in Lancaster stop running

1937 Lancaster is made a city

1939 A new bus station is built in Lancaster

1962 Furniture production in Lancaster ends

1964 Lancaster University is founded

1984 Tim Lambert graduates from Lancaster University

1985 The Custom House is made a Maritime Museum

1989-90 St Nicholas Arcades are redeveloped

1995 Marketgate Shopping Centre is built

2007 The University of Cumbria is founded

A history of Lancaster

A timeline of Preston

A timeline of Blackpool

A timeline of Whitehaven

A timeline of Carlisle

A timeline of Liverpool

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