A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF LIVERPOOL

By Tim Lambert

Early Liverpool

1207 King John founds the port of Liverpool to transport men and supplies to Ireland

1229 The king grants Liverpool another charter (a document giving the townspeople certain rights). Merchants form a guild.

1235 By now a castle exists at Liverpool

1295 Liverpool is allowed to send 2 MPs to parliament

1351 The first mention of a mayor of Liverpool. The little town has weekly markets and annual fairs.

1515 A grammar school is founded in Liverpool

1558 The plague strikes Liverpool

1600 The population of Liverpool is about 2,000

1609 The plague strikes again

1664 The royalists temporarily capture Liverpool

1647 The plague strikes again

1650 The plague returns to Liverpool

1660 As England founds colonies in North America and the West Indies Liverpool begins to boom

1700 The population of Liverpool is about 5,000

1704 St Peters parish Church is built

1708 A Blue coat school for poor boys is built

1715 The first dock in Liverpool is built

c. 1730 Liverpool merchants participate in the slave trade

1748 Nightwatchmen are appointed to patrol the streets at night

1749 Liverpool Royal Infirmary is founded

1754 A new Town Hall is built

1778 A dispensary where the poor can obtain free medicines is opened in Liverpool

1799 A private company begins providing piped water

Modern Liverpool

1801 Liverpool has a population of about 77,000

1830 Horse-drawn buses run in Liverpool

1849 The Philharmonic Hall is built

1851 Liverpool has a population of 376,000

1852 The Central Library is built

1857 A municipal water supply begins in Liverpool

1865 Horse-drawn trams begin running in Liverpool

1867 Stanley Hospital opens

1872 Sefton Park opens

1877 Walker Art Gallery opens

1879 Picton Reading Room is built

1896 The Palm House opens

1898-1901 Liverpool trams are converted to electricity

1901 The population of Liverpool is 685,000

1904 St John's Gardens opens

1908 The Tower Building is erected

1911 The Liver Building is erected

1916 The Cunard Building is erected

1922 The Lady Lever Art Gallery opens

1928 A survey shows 14% of the population of Liverpool are living in poverty (at or below subsistence level)

1934 The Queensway Road Tunnel is built

1967 The RC Cathedral is consecrated

1971 The Kingsway Road Tunnel is built

1978 The Anglican Cathedral is completed

1980 Merseyside Maritime Museum opens

1981 Liverpool is in the grip of recession and there are riots in Toxteth

1980s Albert Dock is redeveloped

1988 The Tate Gallery of Modern Art opens

1993 The Museum of Liverpool Life opens

1996 The Institute for Performing Arts opens

2008 Liverpool is made European City of Culture

2012 Joe Anderson becomes the first elected mayor of Liverpool

A Timeline of Chester

A Timeline of Preston

A Timeline of St Helens

A Timeline of Lancaster

A History of Liverpool

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