A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF LIVERPOOL

By Tim Lambert

Medieval Liverpool

1207

King John founds the port of Liverpool to transport men and supplies to Ireland

1229

The king grants Liverpool another charter (a document giving the townspeople certain rights). Merchants form a guild.

1235

By now a castle exists at Liverpool

1295

Liverpool is allowed to send 2 MPs to parliament

1351

The first mention of a mayor of Liverpool. The little town has weekly markets and annual fairs.

16th Century and 17th Century Liverpool

1515

A grammar school is founded in Liverpool

1558

The plague strikes Liverpool

1600

The population of Liverpool is about 2,000

1609

The plague strikes again

1664

The royalists temporarily capture Liverpool

1647

The plague strikes again

1650

The plague returns to Liverpool

1660

As England creates colonies in North America and the West Indies Liverpool begins to boom

18th Century Liverpool

1700

The population of Liverpool is about 5,000

1704

St Peters parish Church is built

1708

A Blue coat school for poor boys is built

1715

The first dock in Liverpool is built

1730

Liverpool merchants participate in the slave trade

1748

are appointed to patrol the streets at night

1749

Liverpool Royal Infirmary is founded

1754

A new Town Hall is built

1778

A dispensary where the poor can obtain free medicines is opened in Liverpool

1799

A private company begins providing piped water

19th Century Liverpool

1801

Liverpool has a population of about 77,000

1830

Horse-drawn buses run in Liverpool

1849

The Philharmonic Hall is built

1851

Liverpool has a population of 376,000

1852

The Central Library is built

1857

A municipal water supply begins in Liverpool

1865

Horse-drawn trams begin running in Liverpool

1867

Stanley Hospital opens

1872

Sefton Park opens

1877

Walker Art Gallery opens

1879

Picton Reading Room is built

1896

The Palm House opens

1898-1901

Liverpool trams are converted to electricity

20th Century Liverpool

1901

The population of Liverpool is 685,000

1904

St John's Gardens opens

1908

The Tower Building is erected

1911

The Liver Building is erected

1916

The Cunard Building is erected

1922

The Lady Lever Art Gallery opens

1928

A survey shows 14% of the population of Liverpool are living in poverty (at or below subsistence level)

1934

The Queensway Road Tunnel is built

1967

The RC Cathedral is consecrated

1971

The Kingsway Road Tunnel is built

1978

The Anglican Cathedral is completed

1980

Merseyside Maritime Museum opens

1981

Liverpool is in the grip of recession and there are riots in Toxteth

1980s

Albert Dock is redeveloped

1988

The Tate Gallery of Modern Art opens

1993

The Museum of Liverpool Life opens

1996

The Institute for Performing Arts opens

21st Century Liverpool

2008

Liverpool is made European City of Culture

2012

Joe Anderson becomes the first elected mayor of Liverpool

A Timeline of Chester

A Timeline of Preston

A Timeline of St Helens

A Timeline of Lancaster

A History of Liverpool

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