A TIMELINE OF LONDON HISTORY

By Tim Lambert

Roman London

50

The Romans found a town at London

61

Boudica, a Celtic queen burns London

c. 180

Stone walls are built around London

c. 250

London is a flourishing town with a population of around 45,000

407

The Roman army leaves Britain

c.460

London is abandoned

Saxon London

c. 600

The Saxons create a new town at Covent Garden

604

A Bishop of London is appointed

c. 650

Saxon London is a flourishing town with a population of around 10,000. It also has a mint.

842

The Danes loot London

851

The Danes burn London

994

The Danes attack London but they are beaten off

1065

Westminster Abbey is consecrated

Medieval London

1066

William I is crowned king of England at Westminster

1078-1100

A stone tower is built to guard London

1096

The first Jews arrive in London

1176

A stone bridge across the Thames replaces a wooden one

1189

About 30 Jews are killed in London

1264

About 500 Jews are killed in London

1348

The population of London is about 50,000

Tower

The Tower of London

1348-49

The Black Death strikes

Renaissance London

1550

The population of London is about 120,000

1571

The Royal Exchange is built

1600

The population of London is about 250,000

1603

Plague strikes London

1633

Plague strikes again

1635

Hyde Park is opened to the public

1665

Plague strikes London for the last time

1666

The Great Fire of London destroys about 13,200 houses

1685

Oil lamps are used to light the streets of London

1699

Billingsgate is made a fish market

18th Century London

1700

The population of London is about 600,000

1703

Buckingham Palace is built

1711

St Pauls Cathedral is completed

1720

Westminster Hospital is founded

1724

Guys Hospital is founded

1734

The Bank of England moves to Threadneedle Street

1740

London hospital is founded

1749

Westminster Bridge is built

1757

Houses on London Bridge are demolished

1760-66

London town walls are demolished

1761

A Board of Commissioners is formed to pave and clean the streets of London

1770

Blackfriars Bridge is built

19th Century London

1801

London has a population of about 950,000. During the 19th century the population booms and many villages are 'swallowed up' and become areas of the city.

1807

Gas is used to light Pall Mall

1831

Cholera strikes London

1837

Euston Station is built

1839

Trafalgar Square is created

1848-49

Kings Cross Station is built

1866

Cholera strikes London again but in the late 19th century public health greatly improves

1871

The Albert Hall is built

1881

The Natural History Museum is founded

20th Century London

1903

The first council houses in London are built

1923

Wembley Stadium is built

1933

Chiswick Bridge is built

1940-41

Bombs kill about 20,000 people in London

1944

About 3,000 people in London are killed by missiles

1945

Waterloo Bridge is built

1951

The Royal Festival Hall is built

1950s

West Indian Immigrants arrive in London

1960s, 1970s

Decline of London docks

1966

Post Office Tower is opened to the public

21st Century London

2000

The London Eye is opened to the public

londoneye

London Eye

2012

The Shard is unveiled

A timeline of Clapham

A timeline of Guildford

A timeline of Farnham

A timeline of Chelmsford

A timeline of England

A history of London

London Place Names

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