A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF NEWPORT, GWENT, WALES

By Tim Lambert

Early Newport

1093 The Normans conquer Gwent

C. 1125 A small town grows up by a castle

1265 A wooden bridge over the River Usk is burned but is rebuilt

1385 Newport is given a charter (a document giving the people certain rights). In the 14th century friars arrive in Newport.

1402 Owain Glendower burns Newport but the town is soon rebuilt

1521 Newport is described as 'a good haven'.

1538 Henry VIII closes Newport friary and confiscates its property

1585 A guildhall is built in Newport

1587 The bridge over the River Usk collapses but is rebuilt

1623 Newport is given a new charter

C. 1780 The Industrial Revolution starts to transform Newport

1798 A canal is completed to Newport to bring coal and iron

Modern Newport

1801 Newport has a population of just over 1,000

1812 Cardiff Road and Commercial Road are built

1823 Steam ships sail from Newport to Bristol

1825 The streets of Newport are lit by gas

1831 Newport has a population of about 7,000

1839 A dispensary opens where the poor can obtain free medicines. The Chartist Uprising takes place.

1842 An inland dock called the Town Dock is built. A cemetery opens.

1844 A Cattle Market is built

1847 Newport gains a piped water supply

1849 Cholera kills 69 people in Newport

1850 The railway reaches Newport

1851 The population of Newport is about 19,000

1856 In Newport 59 people die of typhus

1859 A network of sewers is completed in Newport

1871 The first public library opens

1875 Alexandra Dock is built. Horse drawn trams begin running in the streets.

1889 The boundaries of Newport are extended to include the area east of the river

1894 Belle Vue Park opens

1895 The first electricity generating station in Newport opens

1901 Gwent Hospital is founded. The population of Newport is 67,000.

1904 Electric trams replace the horse drawn ones

1906 Newport Transporter Bridge is built

1913 The British Womens Temperance Fountain is built

1924 A cenotaph is erected in Newport

1935 The population of Newport is about 100,000

1937 The last trams run in Newport

1949 St Woolos Church is made a Cathedral

1962 Spencer steelworks opens

1964 Exports of coal move to Barry

1968 Newport Museum and Art Gallery is built

1975 Imports of iron move to Port Talbot. Docks Way is built.

1980 The Archform sculpture is built

1991 The Steel Wave sculpture is created

1992 The exploding clock is built

1994 'This little piggy went to market' is built

1996 The Bell Carrier is built

2002 Newport is made a city

A history of Newport

A timeline of Cardiff

A timeline of Bristol

A timeline of Wales

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