A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND

By Tim Lambert

1180 Jean de Gisors founds a town at Portsmouth

1185 A parish church is built

1194 The king grants Portsmouth a charter (a document giving the townspeople certain rights)

1212 The Domus Dei (House of God) is built

1338 The French burn Portsmouth

1369 The French burn Portsmouth again

1377 The French attack Portsmouth again

1380 The French burn Portsmouth for the last time. Afterwards a wooden wall is built around the town.

c. 1418 The Round Tower is built

1450 The Bishop of Chichester is murdered in Portsmouth

1494 The Square Tower is built

1495 Henry VII founds Portsmouth Dockyard

1522 A great chain of iron is built across Portsmouth Harbour

1527 Henry VIII extends the Dockyard

1540 Henry closes the Domus Dei

1544 Southsea Castle is built

1563 Portsmouth has a population of maybe 2,000 but 300 are killed by an outbreak of plague

1625 Plague strikes Portsmouth again

1628 The Duke of Buckingham is assassinated by John Fenton in Portsmouth

1642 Parliamentary soldiers capture Southsea Castle then Portsmouth

1663 A new wharf, the Gun Wharf is built for the navy and Dockyard

1667-1685 The fortifications around Portsmouth are rebuilt

1670 The population of Portsmouth is about 3,500

1704 St Anne's Church is built in the Dockyard. Dockyard workers are given permission to build houses on the Common by the Dockyard and a new suburb (Portsea) grows.

1733 A man leaves money in his will to found Portsmouth Grammar School

1764 A body of men is formed in Portsea with power to pave and clean the streets

1768 A similar body is formed in Old Portsmouth

1806 Isambard Kingdom Brunel is born in Portsmouth

1812 Charles Dickens is born in Portsmouth

1809 A new suburb begins at Southsea

1820 Gas street lights are installed in Portsea. Old Portsmouth follows in 1823.

1836 The first modern police force is formed in Portsmouth

1840 Horse drawn buses start to run in Portsmouth

1847 The railway reaches Portsmouth

1849 The first modern hospital in Portsmouth opens

1857 The streets of Southsea are paved, lit and cleaned for the first time

1861 Clarence Pier is built

1865 Horse drawn tams begin running in Portsmouth

1865-1870 Portsmouth council builds sewers

1879 St James Hospital opens

1883 The first public library in Portsmouth opens

1885 A Telephone Exchange opens

1898 St Marys Hospital opens

1901-1903 Trams are converted to electricity

1911 The first council houses in Portsmouth are built in Curzon Howe Road

1919 The first motor buses begin running

1920 The boundaries of Portsmouth are extended to include Cosham

1922 The corporation purchases Southsea Common

1928 The Cumberland House opens as a museum and art gallery

1932 The boundaries of Portsmouth are extended to include Drayton and Farlington

1934-36 Highbury estate is built

1936 The last tram runs in Portsmouth

World War II 930 people are killed by bombs

1946 The council begins building a new estate at Paulsgrove

1955 A survey shows 7,000 houses in Portsmouth are unfit for human habitation. In the 1960s and early 1970s large areas of the city are rebuilt

1982 The Mary Rose is raised

1984 The D Day Museum opens

1987 HMS Warrior comes to Portsmouth

1989 The Cascades Shopping Centre opens in Portsmouth

2001 A new shopping centre opens at Gunwharf

2005 The Spinnaker Tower opens

A History of Portsmouth

My Youtube video of Portsmouth history

A History of Council Housing in Portsmouth

A Timeline of Gosport

A Timeline of Havant

A Timeline of Fareham

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