A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND

By Tim Lambert

Medieval Portsmouth

1180

Jean de Gisors founds a town at Portsmouth

1188

A parish church is dedicated

1194

The king grants Portsmouth a charter (a document giving the townspeople certain rights)

1212

The Domus Dei (House of God) is built

1338

The French burn Portsmouth

1369

The French burn Portsmouth again

1377

The French attack Portsmouth again

1380

The French burn Portsmouth for the last time. Afterwards a wooden wall is built around the town.

c. 1418

The Round Tower is built

1450

The Bishop of Chichester is murdered in Portsmouth

1494

The Square Tower is built

1495

Henry VII founds Portsmouth Dockyard

16th Century Portsmouth

1522

A great chain of iron is built across Portsmouth Harbour

1527

Henry VIII extends the Dockyard

1540

Henry closes the Domus Dei

1544

Southsea Castle is built

1563

Portsmouth has a population of maybe 2,000 but 300 are killed by an outbreak of plague

17th Century Portsmouth

1625

Plague strikes Portsmouth again

1628

The Duke of Buckingham is assassinated by John Fenton in Portsmouth

1642

Parliamentary soldiers capture Southsea Castle then Portsmouth

1663

A new wharf, the Gun Wharf is built for the navy and Dockyard

1667-1685

The fortifications around Portsmouth are rebuilt

1670

The population of Portsmouth is about 3,500

18th Century Portsmouth

1704

St Anne's Church is built in the Dockyard. Dockyard workers are given permission to build houses on the Common by the Dockyard and a new suburb (Portsea) grows.

1733

A man leaves money in his will to found Portsmouth Grammar School

1764

A body of men is formed in Portsea with power to pave and clean the streets

1768

A similar body is formed in Old Portsmouth

19th Century Portsmouth

1806

Isambard Kingdom Brunel is born in Portsmouth

1812

Charles Dickens is born in Portsmouth

1809

A new suburb begins at Southsea

1820

Gas street lights are installed in Portsea. Old Portsmouth follows in 1823.

1836

The first modern police force is formed in Portsmouth

1840

Horse drawn buses start to run in Portsmouth

1847

The railway reaches Portsmouth

1849

The first modern hospital in Portsmouth opens

1857

The streets of Southsea are paved, lit and cleaned for the first time

1861

Clarence Pier is built

1865

Horse drawn trams begin running in Portsmouth

1865-1870

Portsmouth council builds sewers

1879

St James Hospital opens

1883

The first public library in Portsmouth opens

1885

A Telephone Exchange opens

1898

St Mary's Hospital opens

20th Century Portsmouth

1901-1903

Trams are converted to electricity

1911

The first council houses in Portsmouth are built in Curzon Howe Road

1919

The first motor buses begin running

1920

The boundaries of Portsmouth are extended to include Cosham

1922

The corporation purchases Southsea Common

1928

The Cumberland House opens as a museum and art gallery

1932

The boundaries of Portsmouth are extended to include Drayton and Farlington

1934-36

Highbury estate is built

1936

The last tram runs in Portsmouth

World War II

930 people are killed by bombs

1946

The council begins building a new estate at Paulsgrove

1955

A survey shows 7,000 houses in Portsmouth are unfit for human habitation. In the 1960s and early 1970s large areas of the city are rebuilt

1982

The Mary Rose is raised

1984

The D Day Museum opens

1987

HMS Warrior comes to Portsmouth

1989

The Cascades Shopping Centre opens in Portsmouth

21st Century Portsmouth

2001

A new shopping centre opens at Gunwharf

2005

The Spinnaker Tower opens

A History of Portsmouth

My Youtube video of Portsmouth history

A History of Council Housing in Portsmouth

A Timeline of Gosport

A Timeline of Havant

A Timeline of Fareham

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