A TIMELINE OF RUSSIA

By Tim Lambert

Medieval Russia

862

The Vikings capture Novgorod

882

The Vikings capture Kiev. The Vikings create the nation of Rus, which grows rich and powerful.

988

Prince Vladimir converts to Christianity

1054

Yaroslav the Wise dies and Rus breaks up

1237

The Mongols invade Russia

1240

The Mongols capture Kiev

1242

The Principality of Novgorod defeats the Teutonic Knights

1263

Daniel becomes Prince of Moscow, which expands its territory

1326

The Metropolitan moves to Moscow

1359-1389

Dmitry Donoskoy increases Russia's territory

1389-1425

Vasily takes more territory

1449

The Russian Orthodox Church splits from the Greek Orthodox Church

1480

16th Century Russia

The Tartars (descendants of the Mongols) lose their grip on Russia

1547

Ivan the Terrible takes power in Russia

1554-56

Ivan conquers Astrakhan

1563

The printing press is introduced into Russia

1565

Ivan forms a private army called the Oprichnina

1570

Novgorod is sacked

1582

Ivan conquers the Khanate of Sibir

1584

Ivan dies

17th Century Russia

1601-03

Russia is struck by famine

1613

Michael Romanov becomes Tsar of Russia

1667

Russia takes most of Ukraine

1689

The border between Russia and China is fixed

1694

Peter the Great takes power in Russia

18th Century Russia

1703-1712

Peter builds St Petersburg

1709

The Swedes invade Ukraine but are defeated at the battle of Poltava

1721

The Russians and Swedes make peace. Russia gains Estonia.

1724

The Russian Academy of Sciences is founded

1725-1727

Catherine I is the first woman to rule Russia

1730-1740

Anna Ivanova is Empress of Russia

1741

Elizabeth seizes power

1755

The first Russian university is founded

1762

Catherine the Great seizes power in Russia

1772-95

Russia takes parts of Poland

1773-74

Pugachev leads a rebellion

1783

Russia takes the Crimea

19th Century Russia

1801

Tsar Paul is assassinated

1809

Russia captures Finland

1812

Napoleon invades Russia

1825

The Decemberists lead a rebellion which fails

1853-56

Russia fights the Crimean War

1861

Serfdom is abolished in Russia

1881

The Tsar is assassinated

1890

Russia begins to industrialize

20th Century Russia

1904-05

Russia fights Japan and loses

1905

The trans-Siberian railway is completed. Strikes and demonstrations sweep Russia after troops open fire on marchers on 22 January 1905. The Tsar is forced to call an elected assembly called a Duma.

1914

The Russian army is badly defeated at Tannenberg

1916

Rasputin is assassinated

1917

In March the Tsar abdicates and Kerensky becomes prime minister. In November the Communists lead a revolution.

1918-1921

Civil War in Russia between Reds and Whites

1924

Lenin dies

1928

Stalin becomes dictator of Russia

1929

Trotsky is banished from Russia

1934

Stalin begins a series of purges in which millions of innocent people die

1937-38

Stalin purges the Red Army

1939

Stalin signs a non-aggression pact with Hitler. Russia invades Poland from the east. Russia also invades Finland.

1940

Russia annexes Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia

1941

Germany invades Russia

1943

Russia wins the battles of Stalingrad and Kursk

1945

The Russians capture Berlin

1953

Stalin dies

1956

Nikita Khrushchev becomes leader. He denounces Stalin.

1957

Russia launches the first satellite

1961

Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space

1964

Khrushchev is deposed and replaced by Brezhnev

1970s

Consumer goods become common in Russia

1980s

The Russian economy stagnates

1986

There is an explosion at a nuclear power plant at Chernobyl

1987

Gorbachev relaxes censorship

1991

Hard line Communists attempt a coup but fail. Communism ends and the Soviet Union breaks up.

2000

The Russian economy begins to recover

A History of Russia

A Timeline of Finland

A Timeline of Sweden

A Timeline of Lithuania

A Timeline of Romania

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