A TIMELINE OF SOUTHAMPTON HISTORY

By Tim Lambert

Early Southampton

c. 70

The Romans build a town on the site of Bitterne

407

The Roman army leaves Britain. Afterwards Roman towns are abandoned

690-700

The Saxon King Ine builds a new town on the site of St Mary's Church

c. 950

The town declines as the Itchen silts up and it is eventually abandoned. A much smaller town is built south of Bargate.

1066

After the Norman Conquest Normans settle in Southampton. The Normans build a castle in the town.

c. 1217

A mayor of Southampton is first mentioned

c. 1237

Friars arrive in Southampton

c. 1250

A suburb grows up at Newtown

c. 1260-1300

Stone walls are built around Southampton

1338

The French attack Southampton

Southampton in the 16th Century and 17th Century

c 1500

Southampton is in decline. The port is less and less busy.

1541

Despite the economic decline Southampton is described as 'handsome'.

1554

A grammar school opens

1563

Plague strikes Southampton

1567

Belgian Protestants settle in Southampton

1581

Plague strikes Southampton again

1596

A survey shows Southampton has a population of 4,200

1600

Southampton is described as a 'decayed' port

1618

The king sells Southampton Castle, which is now in ruins

18th Century Southampton

1700

Southampton has dwindled from being a major port and town to being a 'decayed' port

1750

Prince Frederick goes swimming in the sea at Southampton and the town starts to revive

1761

Assembly Rooms open

c. 1770

Southampton grows north of Bargate. The street are paved and cleaned.

1778

Southampton gains its first bank

1782

The streets of Southampton are lit by oil lamps

19th Century Southampton

c. 1801

The population of Southampton is about 8,000.

c. 1820

The port of Southampton is reviving strongly

1822

A paddle steamer begins running between Southampton and the Isle of Wight

1823

Paddle steamers begin running to France

1829

The streets of Southampton are lit by gas

1838

The Royal South Hants Hospital opens

1840

The railway reaches Southampton

1849

Cholera kills 240 people in Southampton

1860

Many new houses are built in Shirley as Southampton grows

1865

Cholera kills 151 people in Southampton

1879

Horse drawn trams begin running in Southampton

1889

The first public library opens in Southampton. The first electric street lights are switched on in the town.

20th Century Southampton

1900

The trams in Southampton are electrified

1919

Cunard make Southampton the terminus of their Atlantic service. The first motor buses run in Southampton.

1920

The boundaries of Southampton are extended

1923

A flying boat service to the Channel Islands begins

1919

The first motor buses begin running in Southampton

1932-39

Southampton Civic Centre is built

World War II

641 people are killed by bombs in Southampton

1949

The last tram runs in Southampton

1954

The boundaries of Southampton are extended again

1964

Southampton is made a city

1988

Merchants House Museum opens

1989

Bargate Shopping Centre opens

1991

Marlands Shopping Centre opens

1996

An Oceanography Centre opens

2000

West Quay Shopping Centre opens

A History of Southampton

My Youtube video about the history of Southampton

A Timeline of Winchester

A Timeline of Romsey

A Timeline of Salisbury

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