A TIMELINE OF SUNDERLAND HISTORY
By Tim Lambert
1100 A fishing village exists at Sunderland
1154 Sunderland is given a charter (a document granting the people certain rights). Sunderland becomes a tiny market town.
1349The Black Death devastates Sunderland but it soon recovers. A salt making industry exists in the town.
1565 Sunderland is a tiny fishing town
1589 onwards Salt making at Sunderland expands. Salt and coal are exported from the town.
1650 Sunderland has a population of about 1,500. Lime is made in the town.
1700 Sunderland, Monkwearmouth and Bishopwearmouth have a population of about 5,000.
1723 A pier is built on the south bank of the Wear
1796 A bridge is built over the Wear
1798 A steam engine is used to power rope making machinery in Sunderland
19th Century Sunderland
1801 Sunderland has a population of 12,412
1824 Sunderland gains gas light
1837 Sunderland gains a police force. North Dock opens.
1844 The Penshaw Monument is built
1846 Sunderland Water Company is formed
1850 South Dock is built
1855 The Theatre Royal is built
1857 Mowbray Park opens
1868 Hendon Dock is built
1879 Sunderland Museum and Library opens. Horse drawn trams begin running in the streets.
1880 Roker Park opens
1895 Sunderland gains an electricity supply
1901 Sunderland has a population of 146,000. Sunderland Technical College opens.
1904 The Bede Memorial is erected
1907 The Empire Theatre opens
1909 Barnes Park opens
1923 Backhouse Park opens
1929 A new Wear Bridge opens. A General Hospital opens.
1933 Thompson Park opens
1954 The last trams run in Sunderland
Second World War 267 people are killed in Sunderland by German bombing
1969 Sunderland Polytechnic opens
1970 A new Town Hall and Civic Centre is built
1974 The North East Aircraft Museum is founded
1976 Silksworth Leisure Centre opens
1978 A new General Hospital opens
1986 Nissan begins making cars in Sunderland
1987 Northumbria Sports Centre opens
1988 The Bridges Shopping Centre opens
1989 Seaburn Sports Centre opens
1992 Sunderland is made a city
1997 The Stadium of Light opens
1998 The National Glass Centre opens
A history of Sunderland
A timeline of Durham
A timeline of Newcastle
A timeline of Hartlepool